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Wound Dehiscence

(Surgical Wound Dehiscence; Operative Wound Dehiscence)

Definition

Wound dehiscence is the parting of the layers of a surgical wound. Either the surface layers separate or the whole wound splits open. This is a serious condition and requires care from your doctor.

Causes

Wound dehiscence varies depending on the kind of surgery you have. The following is a list of generalized causes:
Wound Infection
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Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of wound dehiscence include:

Symptoms

Wound dehiscence may cause:

Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and examine the surgical area. Tests may include the following:
Laboratory tests, such as:
Imaging tests, such as:

Treatment

Treatment may include:

Prevention

To help reduce your chance of wound dehiscence:

RESOURCES

American College of Surgeons http://www.facs.org

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Association of Wound Care http://www.cawc.net

The Canadian Society of Plastic Surgeons http://www.plasticsurgery.ca

References

Bennett R. Fundamentals of Cutaneous Surgery. St. Louis, MO: CV Mosby; 1988: 498.

DeCherney AH, Nathan L. Current Obstetric & Gynecologic Diagnosis & Treatment. 9th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2003.

Dorland WN. Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders, Harcourt Health Sciences; 2005.

Porter RS. The Merck Manual of Medical Information Home Edition. 2nd ed. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories; 2004.

Schwartz S, Brunicardi F, et al. Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery. 8th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2007.

Surgical site infection—prevention. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 29, 2014. Accessed September 30, 2014.

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