Back

Dysarthria

Definition

Dysarthria is a speech disorder. It differs from aphasia, which is a language disorder.
Mouth and Throat
Mouth Throat
Dysarthria may arise from problems with the muscles in the mouth, throat, and respiratory system, as well as other causes.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

This condition can be caused by not being able to control and coordinate the muscles that you use to talk. This can result from:

Risk Factors

Factors that increase your chance of dysarthria include:

Symptoms

Dysarthria may cause:

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done, paying close attention to your:
Images may be taken of your brain. This can be done with:
The electrical function of your nerves may be tested. This can be done with a nerve conduction study.
The electrical function of your muscles may be tested. This can be done with a electromyogram (EMG).

Treatment

Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include the following:

Prevention

To help reduce your chance of dysarthria:

RESOURCES

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association http://www.asha.org

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Heart and Stroke Foundation http://www.heartandstroke.com

Speech-Language and Audiology Canada http://sac-oac.ca

References

Dysarthria. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/dysarthria.htm. Accessed November 23, 2014.

McGhee H, Cornwell P, Addis P, Jarman C. Treating dysarthria following traumatic brain injury: Investigating the benefits of commencing treatment during post-traumatic amnesia in two participants. Brain Inj. 2006;20(12):1307-1319.

Preventing a stroke. National Stroke Association website. Available at: http://www.stroke.org/understand-stroke/preventing-stroke. Accessed November 23, 2014.

Revision Information