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Apraxia

(Buccofacial Apraxia; Conceptual Apraxia; Constructional Apraxia; Gait Apraxia; Ideomotor Apraxia; Limb-Kinetic Apraxia; Movement Disorder; Orofacial Apraxia; Stroke Complications)

Definition

Apraxia is the inability to do learned movements or signals. You may have the desire and the physical ability to do the movements, but you cannot. There are many types of apraxia.

Causes

Apraxia is caused by diseases or damage in the brain, such as:
Stroke
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Stroke can cause brain damage, which can lead to apraxia.
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Risk Factors

Apraxia may be due to stroke. Stroke is more common in older adults.
Factors that may increase your risk of stroke include:

Symptoms

Some common forms of apraxia and their symptoms include:

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
A neurological exam may be done. You may be asked to:
Images may be taken of your brain. This can be done with:
Other tests may include:
If you are diagnosed with apraxia, you could also have aphasia . Aphasia is a language disorder.

Treatment

Your treatment depends on what kind of apraxia you have. Families should ask about individualized treatment programs such as:
It is also important to treat the cause of the apraxia.

Prevention

It may be difficult to prevent this condition. It is strongly linked to stroke. Following steps to prevent stroke may help. Some of these steps include:

RESOURCES

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association http://www.asha.org

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://www.heartandstroke.com

References

Apraxia of speech in adults. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/ApraxiaAdults.htm. Accessed December 1, 2014.

Childhood apraxia of speech. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/ChildhoodApraxia.htm. Accessed December 1, 2014.

Curioni C, André C, Veras R. Weight reduction for primary prevention of stroke in adults with overweight or obesity. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006;(4):CD006062.

Lukas RV. Two automobile collisions in one day. J Emerg Med. 2012;43(4):e263-e264.

NINDS apraxia information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/apraxia/apraxia.htm. Updated February 14, 2014. Accessed December 1, 2014.

NINDS frontotemporal dementia information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/picks/picks.htm. Updated July 18, 2014. Accessed December 1, 2014.

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